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Flow mass, volume flow and normal flow

 We consider that the flow regime is iso-volume or stationary The flow of fluid can be mass or volume Mass flow = volume flow rate x density The flow can be calculated with average speed fluid and section of the duct : Volume flow (m3 / s) = section (m²) x average velocity (m / sec) The flow can be calculated with the volume of fluid and flow time: Volume flow (m3 / s) = volume of fluid disposed (m3) / flow time (seconds) relations which link the flow and fluid velocity, the different sections are set out in the continuity equation the losses are directly related to speed fluid section and therefore Size ducts . For compressible fluids (gas or air): The gas is compressible, it is possible to transform a volume of the same quantity of gas by compressing or changing the temperature. It becomes very difficult to speak of a quantity of gas volume without giving the pressure and temperature of gas at the time the volume was measured .. It would be difficult to give a temperature and pressure whenever there is talk of a volume of gas, temperature and pressure at the time of volume measurement is normalized to the so-called normal conditions. This is called Normal m3. Beware, there are two standards and therefore the possibilities of errors in conversions: pressure identical 1013 millibars (average atmospheric pressure) for 2 standards DIN 1343: a temperature of 273.15K (0 ° C) ISO 2533: a temperature of 288.15K (15 ° C) For calculations of losses, the dimensions of the volumes of gas (compressed or not) moved into the ducts shall be given in cubic meters (m3). For conversion of m3 or Nm3 Nm3 / h m3 / h P 1 V 1 / T 1 = P 2 V 2 / T 2 P1 and T1 being normal temperatures and pressures v1 is the normal volume (relaxed) P2 and T2 are the temperatures and gas pressure V2 is the volume of compressed gas with : P = Absolute pressure ( pressure gauge + atmospheric pressure ) V = volume T = temperature in Kelvin flow With Mecaflux   A graphical analysis tool versus the flow rate, test your network, in a selected range of flow rate, allow you to create charts showing the variations of pressure drop and energy consumption versus flow. This tool is very effective for the selection of equipment in terms of annual operating costs.   Example Conversion flow volume in the mass flow (m3 / h) and normal flow (Nm3 / h) whith MECAFLUX 1 select a fluid 2 enter volumetric flow converter integrated in software MECAFLUX The interface conversion of normal volume (nm3) and real (m3), converts the normal flow (Nm3 / h) in real flow (m3 / h) convert flowrate flow normal compressed air with the mecaflux converter